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MDX Essentials: String / Numeric Functions: The CoalesceEmpty() Function - Page 4

July 5, 2005



We have used the CoalesceEmpty() function, in its numeric "incarnation," to replace nulls with a number, zero. The string version of CoalesceEmpty() works in much the same manner, except that it substitutes "string for string."

Let's take a look at an example where we again use CoalesceEmpty(), but where the requirement includes a bit of a twist: We will be asked to replace nulls occurring within a numeric value with a string – a word versus a number. We will base the scenario upon the original core query, taking the following setting into consideration.

Let's say that we have discussed the results in our last dataset with the Logistics group, which is happy with the fact that we are able to make substitutions for the nulls, but wishes to make a change. The consumers have determined that the presentation will be enhanced by the use of a word, "None," instead of zeros (apparently this was suggested by an overly excitable senior manager) where no shipping volume of a given product occurred for the year. We agree to make the change, and proceed as follows:

15.  Within the query we have saved as MDX033-2, replace the existing comment line of the query with the following:

-- MDX033-3, Use COALESCEEMPTY() 
to Replace a Null Numeric Val Exp w String

16.  Save the query as MDX033-3 to protect its predecessor.

17.         Replace the syntax between the above comment line and the SELECT keyword in the existing query, currently appearing as:


WITH
MEMBER
    [Measures].[Vol Shipped]
AS
    'COALESCEEMPTY( [Measures].[Units Shipped], 0)'

With the following:


WITH
MEMBER
   [Measures].[NoneShipped] 
AS
    ' "None" '
MEMBER
   [Measures].[Vol Shipped]
AS
    'CoalesceEmpty([Measures].[Units Shipped], [Measures].[NoneShipped])'

We are replacing the calculated member we used initially with two calculated members, the second of which relies upon the first to store the string that we wish to return, under the cloak of another measure, to be substituted for null values that are encountered. Because we have assigned the output of the second calculated member to the name we have used within our SELECT statement [Measures].[Vol Shipped]), further alterations within the query are not necessary.

The Query pane appears as shown in Illustration 4, with the new additions highlighted.


Illustration 4: CoalesceEmpty() Arranged to Substitute Null Numeric Value with a String

18.  Execute the query by clicking the Run Query button in the toolbar.

The Results pane is populated, and the dataset partially depicted in Illustration 5 appears.


Illustration 5: Partial Result Dataset – String Substituted for Null Numeric Value

We note that the nulls have been replaced by the word "None," as requested by the information consumers.

19.  Re-save the file as MDX033-3.

We deliver the new results to the Logistics information consumers, who accept with thanks the results as meeting the current need.

20.  Select File --> Exit to close the MDX Sample Application, when ready.

Summary ...

In this lesson, we explored the MDX CoalesceEmpty() function. Beginning with a discussion of the pervasiveness of sparsity within OLAP cubes as a circumstance inherent to their nature, we introduced CoalesceEmpty() as an avenue to handling that sparsity from a presentation perspective. We commented upon the general operation of CoalesceEmpty(), and then we examined the syntax of the function.

We undertook illustrative examples to gain hands-on experience with the function in practice exercises, where we described a business need as specified by a hypothetical group of information consumers. We examined a simple case where we used CoalesceEmpty() to substitute a numeric value for a null numeric value. We then considered a more complicated scenario, where we went beyond the standard uses (substitution of numeric value for numeric value, or string value for string value) and substituted a string value for a null numeric value through the use of stepped calculated members. Finally, we briefly discussed the results datasets we obtain in the practice examples.

» See All Articles by Columnist William E. Pearson, III

Discuss this article in the MSSQL Server 2000 Analysis Services and MDX Topics Forum.

MDX Essentials Series
The LEVEL_NUMBER Member Property
The LEVEL_UNIQUE_NAME Intrinsic Member Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The HIERARCHY_UNIQUE_NAME Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The DIMENSION_UNIQUE_NAME Property
Further Combination of BottomCount() with Other MDX Functions
Combine BottomCount() with Other MDX Functions to Add Sophistication
Basic Set Functions: The BottomCount() Function, Part I
Intrinsic Member Properties: The MEMBER_VALUE Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The MEMBER_UNIQUE_NAME Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The MEMBER_NAME Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The MEMBER_KEY Property
Intrinsic Member Properties: The MEMBER_CAPTION Property
Set Functions: The StripCalculatedMembers() Function
Set Functions: The AddCalculatedMembers() Function
MDX Numeric Functions: The Min() Function
MDX Numeric Functions: The Max() Function
Set Functions: The .AllMembers Function
MDX Essentials: Set Functions: The MeasureGroupMeasures() Function
String Functions: The .Properties Function, Part II
String Functions: The .Properties Function
Logical Functions: IsGeneration(): Conditional Logic within Filter Expressions
MDX Scripting Statements: Introducing the Simple CASE Statement
Logical Functions: IsGeneration(): Conditional Logic within Calculations
Logical Functions: IsAncestor(): Conditional Logic within Filter Expressions
MDX Clauses and Keywords: Use HAVING to Filter an Axis
Logical Functions: IsAncestor(): Conditional Logic within Calculations
Logical Functions: IsSibling(): Conditional Logic within Filter Expressions
Logical Functions: IsSibling(): Conditional Logic within Calculations
MDX Operators: The IsLeaf() Operator: Conditional Logic within Filter Expressions
MDX Operators: The IsLeaf() Operator: Conditional Logic within Calculations
MDX Numeric Functions: The .Ordinal Function
Other MDX Entities: Perspectives
MDX Operators: The IS Operator
MDX Set Functions: The Distinct() Function
MDX Set Functions: The ToggleDrillState() Function
Set Functions: The DrillUpLevel() Function
Set Functions: The DrillDownLevelTop() and DrillDownLevelBottom() Functions
MDX Set Functions: DrillDownLevel()
MDX Set Functions: The DRILLUPMEMBER() Function
MDX Essentials: Set Functions: The DRILLDOWNMEMBERTOP() and DRILLDOWNMEMBERBOTTOM() Functions
MDX Essentials : Set Functions: The DRILLDOWNMEMBER() Function
MDX Essentials: Drilling Through with MDX: The DRILLTHROUGH Statement
MDX Essentials: String Functions: The .UniqueName Function
MDX Essentials: String Functions: The .Name Function
MDX Essentials: String / Numeric Functions: The CoalesceEmpty() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The TopCount() Function, Part II
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The TopCount() Function, Part I
MDX Essentials: Enhancing CROSSJOIN() with Calculated Members
MDX Essentials: Set and String Functions: The GENERATE() Function
MDX Essentials: The CROSSJOIN() Function: Breaking Bottlenecks
MDX Essentials: String / Numeric Functions: More on the IIF() Function
MDX Essentials: String / Numeric Functions: Introducing the IIF() Function
MDX Essentials: Logical Functions: The IsEmpty() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The EXTRACT() Function
MDX Essentials: Numeric Functions: Introduction to the AVG() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Member Functions: The .Item() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: Subset Functions: The Subset() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: Subset Functions: The Tail() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: Subset Functions: The Head() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The CrossJoin() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Numeric Functions: The Count() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The Filter() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The EXCEPT() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The Intersect() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The Union() Function
MDX Essentials: Basic Set Functions: The Order() Function
MDX Essentials - MDX Time Series Functions, Part III: The LastPeriods() and ParallelPeriod() Functions
MDX Time Series Functions, Part II: The OpeningPeriod () and ClosingPeriod() Functions
MDX Essentials - MDX Time Series Functions, Part I: PeriodsToDate() and Kindred Functions
MDX Essentials: MDX Member Functions: "Relative" Member Functions
MDX Member Functions: The Cousin () Function
MDX Essentials: Member Functions: More "Family" Functions
MDX Member Functions: The "Family" Functions
MDX Essentials: MDX Members: Introducing Members and Member
MDX Essentials : MDX Operators: The Basics
MDX Essentials: Structure of the MDX Data Model
MDX at First Glance: Introduction to SQL Server MDX Essentials








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