Guide for Oracle Relational Database Management System
Enterprise Edition, Version 220.127.116.11.0, Release 2, for Sun SPARC Solaris
This document guides you
through installing the server components of Oracle9i, Version 18.104.22.168.0, Release
2 on the Solaris 8 operating system. The installation is performed using
Oracle's Oracle Universal Installer (OUI), a GUI-based tool similar to the OUI
for Oracle8i and other Oracle products. This guide takes you through the
pre-installation, installation, and post-installation tasks referenced in the
Oracle9i Installation Guide dated May 2002 (Oracle Part No. A96167-01).
The following conventions are
used in this installation guide:
- oracle9 is the UNIX account owner of the Oracle 22.214.171.124
- oracle9 belongs to two groups - oinstall
and dba (dba is the primary
- apache is the name of owner of the Apache server, and apache
is in the oinstall group. By default, the Apache server is installed
along with the Oracle9i program files. Refer to http://httpd.apache.org for more information about the Apache web server and
to Oracle documentation on applications that require the Apache server.
Apache-related processes will start during the installation, and you will be
directed to stop them later on in this guide.
- The home directory created/used
for oracle9 is /opt2/ora9201
- The ORACLE_HOME path used in examples is /opt2/ora9201/app/oracle/product/126.96.36.199
- ORACLE_HOME for oracle9 is separate from any other ORACLE_HOME
- ORACLE_HOME and the UNIX home directory for oracle9
is not the same thing. The home directory is where oracle9's
.cshrc file is located and is the working directory when oracle9
first logs in. ORACLE_HOME refers to the directory path structure where Oracle
188.8.131.52 files are located.
- Text in courier, such as "cd $ORACLE_HOME" is text you explicitly type or enter, or identifies explicit
values or names, such as the UNIX user "root."
- <...> = anything between the angle brackets is
user-supplied and varies from user to user. "#"
represents the UNIX prompt on your workstation. "SQL>"
is the SQL*Plus prompt on your workstation.
- <mnt_pt> is a mount point where the start of the Oracle
installation tree begins (e.g., /opt2/ora9201)
- Oracle automatically creates a
seed database when using the options you will be selecting later on. The db_name
parameter used in this guide is test. This database can be deleted after the
installation is complete.
- All instructions to edit a file
refer to using a text editor such as vi.
- For installation on versions of
Solaris 8 prior to February 2002, a patch cluster from Sun must be downloaded
and installed prior to installing Oracle9i. The instructions for doing this are also covered in this guide.
More information can be
found in the documents listed below:
- Oracle9i Installation Guide,
Release 2 (184.108.40.206.0) for UNIX Systems: AIX-Based Systems, Compaq Tru64 UNIX,
HP 9000 Series HP-UX, Linux Intel and Sun Solaris, dated May 2002 (Oracle Part
No. A96167-01), and
- Oracle9i Release Notes, Release
2 (220.127.116.11.0) for Sun Solaris (64-bit), dated May 2002 (Oracle Part No.
The list below details the
64-bit Support: As root, execute isainfo -v at a UNIX
prompt. If you see the following output, your server supports 64-bit in
addition to 32-bit applications.
64-bit sparcv9 applications
32-bit sparc applications
If you do not see the 64-bit
line or receive a "Command not found" error, contact your UNIX system
administrator and verify your intended server is 64-bit enabled.
Memory: 512MB of RAM to install the Oracle9i Server. To
determine the memory on your workstation, see the example below:
# /usr/sbin/prtconf | grep "Memory"
Memory size: 512 Megabytes
Swap Space: amount of disk space equal to the system's
physical memory, or 1GB, whichever is greater. df -k | grep swap will
show available swap space in kilobytes (swap space may be on more than one
Disk Space: 3.5GB for database software and 1GB for the seed
database created during installation. Create the seed database as a means of
confirming the Oracle program files work. If you do not want to keep it,
delete the seed database to recapture the disk space.
Temporary Disk Space: Up to 400MB available in the /tmp
directory or other location identified via environment variables (TEMP,
TMPDIR). Execute df -k | grep tmp at a UNIX
prompt to see how much space is available.
Operating System: This install guide covers the installation of
Oracle9i only on Solaris 8. Execute uname -a
at a UNIX prompt to verify the OS
version (look for the "5.8" value).
Packages: The following OS packages
must be installed.
Execute pkginfo -i <package name> at a UNIX prompt to see if a package has been
installed. If a package has not been installed, contact your UNIX system
administrator for assistance.
SUNWarc SUNWbtool SUNWhea SUNWlibm
SUNWlibms SUNWsprot SUNWtoo
Font packages required for
Java are SUNWilof (i-one-o-f, not i-"ell"-o-f) and SUNWxwfnt.
Required Executables: The
following executables must be present in the /usr/ccs/bin directory:
make, ar, ld, and
CD-ROM Drive: You must have a CD-ROM drive capable of reading
CD-ROM disks in the ISO 9660 format with RockRidge extensions (if you have
successfully installed other Oracle products in the past with the CD-ROM drive
you are planning to use for the installation of Oracle9i, then your drive meets
Files edited or modified
by the UNIX users root and
Kernel Parameters: Oracle9i requires certain kernel parameters to be
modified, and the parameters are found in the /etc/system file. As root,
make a backup copy of this file before making any changes. Add or modify the
following parameters, using any higher values if they already exist on your
system. These settings can be placed at the end of the file.
Port Designation: You may need to add an entry to the /etc/services file to reserve a port number (1521) regularly used by Oracle. If the entry is
required, it looks like the line below (where listener_name is the
name of the listener, which probably is listener ("listener" is the default name).
listener 1521/tcp #Oracle Net listener
at a UNIX prompt, execute reboot to reboot your system.
If this installation is the
only installation of Oracle database program files on your server or machine,
you will need to create two UNIX groups: oinstall and dba. A UNIX account called oracle9
will be the owner of the Oracle program files, and will have dba
as its primary group.
Even if you have other
Oracle products (such as Oracle 8.1.6 or Developer 6.0) installed on your
system, you need to create the owner of the Oracle 18.104.22.168 program files, and
this UNIX account will be named oracle9 and have dba as its primary group (assuming dba
already exists). Add the UNIX user oracle9 to the dba and oinstall groups in the /etc/group file. The owner of the Oracle 8.1.6 program files
(or other Oracle products) may be called oracle8. It is important you do not use the same UNIX account
name for the Oracle9i program files. Having and using different UNIX accounts
helps differentiate who you are and what you can do with respect to the program
files. For example, your Oracle 8.1.6 user called oracle8
should not remove any Oracle 22.214.171.124 program files owned by oracle9,
and vice versa.
Create a user called apache
and assign apache to the apache
and oinstall groups.
(Optional) If you are
installing Forms & Reports 6i after the 9i installation is complete, you
can create the 6i owner now. Otherwise, ignore the references to oradev6.
To add a user, you can use
the admintool utility or manually enter the information (while
logged in as root) into the /etc/passwd and /etc/group files. You may need to change the permissions on
the passwd file so it becomes editable (chmod 644 /etc/passwd). The line entries to create oracle9
and the user called apache would look like this:
oracle9:x:<id #>:<group #>::<home directory>:<startup shell>
oradev6:x:<id #>:<group #>::<home directory>:<startup shell>
apache:x:<id #>:<group #>::<home directory>:<startup shell>
As an example -
The line entries in /etc/group would look like this:
When all changes have been
made, execute pwconv as root at a UNIX prompt. Create the mount point,
establish a location for the starter database datafiles, and assign ownership
for oracle9 by entering the following commands:
# mkdir -p /opt2/ora9201
# mkdir -p /opt2/oradata
# mkdir -p /opt2/apache
# mkdir -p /opt1/ora6i
# chown oracle9:dba /opt2/ora9201
# chown oracle9:dba /opt2/oradata
# chown apache:apache /opt2/apache
# chown oradev6:dba /opt1/ora6i
Log in as oracle9.
Your file system may generate a default set of files (.cshrc,
etc.) in the oracle9 home directory. If not, you can copy the .cshrc
file from another Oracle account and edit it to reflect the settings you need
Using a text editor such as vi,
edit the .cshrc file for oracle9. Modify the file so that the following settings
and environment variables are set, and source the file (source .cshrc) when finished with the editing.
setenv DISPLAY <your machine name>:0.0
setenv ORACLE_TERM sun5
setenv ORACLE_SID <name of your Oracle instance>
setenv ORACLE_BASE /<mnt_pt>/app/oracle would be
setenv ORACLE_BASE /opt2/ora9201/app/oracle
setenv ORACLE_HOME $ORACLE_BASE/product/126.96.36.199
setenv ORACLE_PATH $ORACLE_HOME/bin
setenv CLASSPATH $ORACLE_HOME/JRE
setenv LD_LIBRARY_PATH $ORACLE_HOME/lib
setenv TNS_ADMIN <location>
(used if Oracle Net configuration files are not in any of the default locations)
setenv PATH <should include $ORACLE_PATH, /usr/ccs/bin,
/usr/bin, /etc, /usr/openwin, /usr/local/bin and .>