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Oracle

Posted Dec 30, 2003

Installation Cookbooks: Installing Oracle9i - Page 4

By Steve Callan

Post-installation tasks

1. If necessary, modify the Oracle Net configuration files (tnsnames.ora, listener.ora, and sqlnet.ora) found in $TNS_ADMIN (if you specified that variable) or $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin (typically the primary default location).

2. Log in as oracle9 and at a UNIX prompt, reload (or start, if not already running) the listener by typing lsnrctl reload (or lsnrctl start) to register the instance with the listener. The value "test" (or the name you used for the seed database) should appear in the output (part of a sample output is shown below).

Service "test" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "test", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

At this point, you should be able to start a SQL*Plus session. Verify that you can connect as sysdba. At a UNIX prompt, enter

	# sqlplus /nolog

followed by

	SQL> connect / as sysdba

Connecting as sysdba is how you need to connect to the database when performing startup and shutdown because Oracle9i no longer supports the use of Server Manager (the svrmgrl utility found in earlier releases of Oracle). See Troubleshooting Tips if you cannot connect as sysdba.

Once you are satisfied you can connect to the seed database locally and across your network (by testing a connection to the server from a remote client), you can shutdown the instance and delete the database files to recover the disk space. You can also delete the control files and redo log files.

3. If you do not need the Apache web server, stop the Apache server by executing

# $ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin/apachectl stop

Installing Solaris OS Patches

If you are using a version of Solaris 8 that does not have Sun kernel patch 108528-15 or higher, or if your company requires the latest Solaris OS patch as a matter of policy, follow the steps in this section. The output from uname -a will show the patch level of 108528.

$ uname -a
SunOS stecal 5.8 Generic_108528-15 sun4u sparc SUNW,Ultra-5_10

Sun recommends you download and install a Sun recommended patch cluster for Solaris 8 ("Solaris 8 Recommended Patch Cluster") and have patch 108528-15 (or higher) installed as part of the cluster (see http://sunsolve.sun.com). Download the patch cluster for Solaris 8 (not "8 x86") and unzip the files. The files can be unzipped anywhere on the file system where your UNIX user root has access. The install script that comes with the cluster will place the patches in their proper locations. You need approximately 75.5MB of disk space for the download (as of Dec 4, 2002).

After unzipping the download in the <patch cluster directory>, at a UNIX prompt as root run the install cluster script.

	# cd <patch cluster directory> 
	# ./install_cluster 

By default, a message warning the user to check for minimum disk space allowance will appear and allow the user to abort if inadequate space exists. The progress of the script will be displayed on your terminal. It should look something like:

	# ./install_cluster 
	Patch cluster install script for <cluster name> 
	Determining if sufficient save space exists... 
	Sufficient save space exists, continuing... 
	Installing patches located in <patch cluster directory> 
	Installing <patch-id> 
	...

To confirm that patch 108528-17 (where -17 is the latest patch version) was installed, execute showrev -p | grep 108528-17 at a UNIX prompt. If the patch does not appear, check the install log at

/var/sadm/install_data/<cluster name>_log

There may be two patches in the cluster that do not install (110723-03 and 109951-01), but their absence does not matter. If you experience problems while installing patches, contact your UNIX systems administrator for assistance.

When the install cluster process is finished, reboot the system. You will also need to reboot the system after kernel parameters have been changed, and you can wait until then to reboot.

Troubleshooting Tips

Problem: GUI-based tools such as Database Configuration Assistant fail to run ($ORACLE_HOME/JRE/bin/jre not found message appears when using the OUI)

Description: A Java component (oracle.swd.jre) did not install properly.

Solution: Continue the installation without running the Database Configuration Assistant or Oracle Net Configuration Assistant. Exit the installation process when everything else is finished. Re-insert CD #1 and wait for the Oracle Universal Installer: Welcome window to appear. Open a separate shell window, login as oracle9, and issue the following commands at the UNIX prompt:

	# mkdir $ORACLE_HOME/JRE
	# cd /tmp/OraInstall/jre
	# cp -r * $ORACLE_HOME/JRE

Confirm the bin and lib directories were created in $ORACLE_HOME/JRE. The /tmp/OraInstall directory is automatically created and deleted during the installation process. Re-starting the OUI creates the necessary files you can copy to $ORACLE_HOME/JRE. As oracle9 at a UNIX prompt, you can type dbca and netca to start the two assistants and run them outside of the installation process. dbca and netca are found in $ORACLE_HOME/bin.

Problem: You cannot connect as sysdba, and receive ERROR ORA-01031: insufficient privileges

Description: Your user privileges need to be adjusted. On a local machine, connect / as sysdba will work in virtually all cases as this command string replaces connect internal, which Oracle9i does not support. You should be able to perform a connect system/manager as sysdba on the server (do not include the @<net service name> part of the string). You may encounter the ORA-01031 error if you use connect system/manager@<net service name>.

Solution: Refer to the following items for information on how to resolve this error:

  • Doc Id 50508.1 on MetaLink,
  • Doc Id 50507.1 on MetaLink, or
  • Oracle9i Database Administrator's Guide, Release 2 (9.2), dated March 2002 (Oracle Part No. A96521-01), starting on page 1-13 (PDF version) in the section titled, "Database Administrator Authentication."

» See All Articles by Columnist Steve Callan



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