[From Directions Magazine]
The key to spatially enabling the enterprise lies with the Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS). The RDBMS is the backbone of enterprise IT infrastructures. The RDBMS is used to store a wealth of mission critical information. The open nature of the database allows a variety of applications to leverage a single source of data.
As the data changes, the applications are able to take advantage of the changes as they occur. However, while most of the organization's data tends to be stored centrally in the RDBMS, the spatial data still tends to be locked up in proprietary formats. In order for the enterprise to truly become spatially enabled, a spatial database that adheres to open standards must be present.
What are the core components of a spatial database? Although different vendors approach spatially enabling the database in different ways, there are several key components that must be present in order to fully leverage the power of the database to manage spatial data. There are three main components that should be present as part of the spatial relational database management system. These components include a spatial data type, a spatial indexing scheme, and spatial operators.
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