SQL Script for Comparing the Contents of Two Tables

August 7, 2002


Here's some SQL code from Eli Leiba that will all you to compare two tables -- say, table A and table B -- to determine if their content is the same. Assuming that A and B have the same structure, here's how it works:

First, from set theory, recall that: If ((|A| = |B|) && |A U B| = |A|)) ====>>> A = B

|A| = NUMBER of rows in A
|B| = NUMBER of rows in B

Here's the SQL code (with T-SQL syntax, but can be adapted for other DBMS's):


declare @cnt1 int 
declare @cnt2 int 
declare @cnt3 int 
declare @res bit 

select @cnt1 = count(*) from A 
select @cnt2 = count(*) from B 
select @cnt3 = count('x') 
     from (select * from A 
     UNION 
     select * from B) as t 

if (@cnt1 = @cnt2) and (@cnt2 = @cnt3) 
 begin 
   set @res = 1 
   print 'A = B' 
 end 
 else 
  begin 
    set @res = 0 
    print 'A <> B' 
  end 
go 


» See All Articles by Columnist Eli Leiba









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