Binding DB2 Data to a Windows Application in a Wink of an Eye
Now that you have a valid DB2 database connection, you can build your first ADO.NET 2.0 application that accesses your DB2 database.
In this section, Ill outline how to build an application that quickly binds all of the rows in the STAFF table (which resides in the SAMPLE database) to a data grid, and also provide two separate controls that will allow you to quickly jump to any row in this table based on an employees last name or their department number.
To build this application, perform the following steps:
1. Create a new C# application, called QuickDB2DataBind, by selecting File-->New Project-->Windows Application, and clicking OK, as shown below:
2. Press Ctrl+Alt+X to switch to the Toolbox View. The IDE should now look like this:
3. Drag a Label object from the Common Controls section of the Toolbox and drop it inside the designer palette (by default, called Form1); drag a second Label object and drop it below the first, like this:
4. Right-click the first Label object on the designer palette, select Properties, and change the Text field to Last Name; change the second to Department. When youre finished, the designer palette should look like this:
5. Drag a ComboBox control from the Common Controls section of the Toolbox and drop it to the right of Last Name. Drag a second one for Department. When you are finished, your designer palette should look similar to this:
Note: The terms ComboBox and drop-down box are used interchangeably throughout this article.
6. From the Data section of the Toolbox, drag a DataGridView object and size it such that it takes up the whole bottom of the Windows application you are creating, as shown below. Dismiss the auto pop-up dialog box by clicking the icon if it appears when you drag this object to the designer palette.
7. Right-click the drop-down box beside the Last Name label, select Properties, click the drop-down box beside the DataSource property, and select Add Project Data Source, as shown below:
8. The Data Source Configuration wizard opens. Select Database as the source for your applications data, and click Next.
9. Select the SAMPLE database from the Which data connection should your application use to connect to the database? drop-down box.
Note: If the database that you want to connect to doesnt appear in this list, you can add a new database connection by clicking New Connection. This will open a dialog box that is similar to the one detailed in the Adding a DB2 Data Source section.
10. Select the Yes, include sensitive data in the connection string radio button, and click Next.
This option has the effect of including your user ID and password in clear text within the application. You can see in the previous figure that the Connection string toggle is collapsed. If you were to expand this toggle, you would see your user account credentials in unencrypted text. This is fine for the purposes of this article but depending on your environment, may or may not be an acceptable option.
11. The defaults on the next pane of this wizard are fine for this article; click Next to accept them.
12. Expand the Tables folder and select the STAFF table where the data that you want to bind to your application resides and click Finish, as shown below:
You can see that data for your applications doesnt have to come just from DB2 tables. It can come from stored procedures, views, functions, and more.
After you click Finish, Visual Studio 2005 will automatically create a number for ADO.NET 2.0 data access objects for your DB2 database, as shown below:
13. Right-click the drop-down box beside the Last Name label, select Properties, click the DisplayMember drop-down box, and select the Name column, as shown below:
This step essentially binds the NAME column in the SAMPLE databases STAFF table to this drop-down box. When you run your application and click the Last Name drop-down box, it will show all of the values in this column.
14. Right-click the drop-down box to the right of the Department label, select Properties, and click the drop-down box beside the DataSource property; this time, select the sTAFFBindingSource object, as shown below:
Since both of the ComboBoxes for your application will retrieve data from the same table, you can simply reuse the bindings that you generated for the Last Name ComboBox.
15. Perform the same steps to bind the DEPT column to the Department ComboBox as you did for the NAME column to the Last Name ComboBox in Step 13.
16. Right-click the DataGridView on the designer palette, select Properties, and click the drop-down box beside the DataSource property; select the sTAFFBindingSource object as you did for the Department ComboBox in Step 14.
This step binds all of the data in the table to the data grid, not just to a column of data as in the case of the ComboBoxes. Note that when you bind the STAFF table to the data grid, all of the columns in the table are automatically listed.
17. Resize your application form such that you can see the entire data grid you added in the previous step, as shown below:
18. Press F5 to build your application.
When the application starts, it should look similar to this:
You can see that all of the data in the STAFF table is displayed in the bottom data grid.
Note: The data that resides in the STAFF table used for this article may not exactly match the default data in the SAMPLE database since Ive added data to this table over time.
If you click either of the ComboBoxes that we created, you can see the DB2 data bound to each of these controls:
You can use these controls to navigate the data grid at the bottom of your application. For example, if you selected Rothman from the Last Name ComboBox, the cursor in the data grid would move to that row, as shown below:
That Was Fast...
As you can see, creating this simple application was very quick. (The length of this article can be accounted for by the step-by-step documentation, which should allow even non-developers to successfully build the application outlined in this article.) Truly, this rapid application development experience is a result of the synergy between the Visual Studio 2005 IDE and the integration work that has gone into this environment for DB2 databases.
Theres so much more for .NET developers who write applications for the DB2 platform to take advantage of. Stay tuned for my next article on this topic!
About the Author
Paul C. Zikopoulos, BA, MBA, is an award-winning writer and speaker with the IBM Database Competitive Technologies team. He has more than ten years of experience with DB2 UDB and has written over one hundred magazine articles and several books about it. Paul has co-authored the books: DB2 Version 8: The Official Guide, DB2: The Complete Reference, DB2 Fundamentals Certification for Dummies, DB2 for Dummies, and A DBA's Guide to Databases on Linux. Paul is a DB2 Certified Advanced Technical Expert (DRDA and Cluster/EEE) and a DB2 Certified Solutions Expert (Business Intelligence and Database Administration). In his spare time, he enjoys all sorts of sporting activities, running with his dog Chachi, and trying to figure out the world according to Chloö his new daughter. You can reach him at: email@example.com.
IBM, DB2 and DB2 Universal Database are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.
Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation, 2006. All rights reserved.
The opinions, solutions, and advice in this article are from the authors experiences and are not intended to represent official communication from IBM or an endorsement of any products listed within. Neither the author nor IBM is liable for any of the contents in this article. The accuracy of the information in this article is based on the authors knowledge at the time of writing.