PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Which Is Best?

PostgreSQL and MySQL are open-source DBs for data analytics for commercial enterprises. A user can use either database management system, but one question remains.

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: Which is best?

The choice between PostgreSQL and MySQL depends on the needed scalability and reliability of data management functions. PostgreSQL offers relational and non-relational solutions with high scalability when there are multiple operators. In addition, the optimization options are plenty to complete enterprise tasks and administrative commands.

Businesses in cloud data storage rely on MySQL for its fast capability that makes transactions smoother. This data management system is preferential among corporate organizations that deal with extensive consumer information.

Moreover, MySQL is popular among commercial businesses because it functions on old engines like InnoDB and MyISAM. The relational management application can cut times when analyzing heavy data if instructions are customized.

In addition, efficiency in writing speeds is what differentiates the performance between PostgreSQL and MySQL. The decision for the proper enterprise application depends on the benefits and disadvantages of their features.

Since most applications can run on either PostgreSQL or MySQL, the choice of relational data management will come down to the function standards acceptable to the business.


Relative Market Share

PostgreSQL has modern features favorable to SQL policies that involve function overloading and table inheritance. As a result, the software has a 15.27% market share for relational databases, with 33.66% in the U.S., 5.74% in the U.K., and 5.73% in Brazil. This makes it a popular option among 32 competitors in the commercial database market.

While PostgreSQL is fairly new in database management systems, it has the potential to become widely adopted in open-source commercial use as companies become familiar with its advanced features. Multinational corporations that engage in machine learning services or extensive data analytics can benefit from the software even with its current market share.

What is PostgreSQL Used For?

PostgreSQL is a popular software solution, used even by Apple for database functions on macOS. Its popularity is due in part to it being free for developer usage as well as its ability to have personalized functionality based on data preference. Moreover, this software favors several operators simultaneously to complete inbuilt data functions for information management systems that require reliable performance.

Software development is the primary use of PostgreSQL, as companies rely on the software as a foundation for new applications, securing developer programs, and maintaining data integrity. Operating systems also relies on PostgreSQL since the open-source software offers upgrade features for Linux, Windows, and Unix programs. In addition, its customizable function allows the software to avoid data compilation when creating a new programming language like Python.

PostgreSQL Key Benefits

  • PostgreSQL does not charge subscription fees, which cuts many businesses’ budget costs. This benefits the company that wants free access to robust software with customizable options.
  • A business can modify the functions of PostgreSQL because it is open-source software. In addition, the variety of ways PostgreSQL can work with database management systems makes this software flexible enough to meet a wide range of business needs.
  • PostgreSQL functions through creative collaboration, which means developers from different companies can offer database management solutions at any time. This condition makes the software reliable for multiple users across the world.
  • The scalability of PostgreSQL is limitless and allows users to compile several databases according to their needs.

PostgreSQL Key Shortcomings

  • The speed of reading data is slower for PostgreSQL when compared to performance standards like MySQL. Therefore, PostgreSQL requires speed reading adjustments when designing application compatibility to support optimal functionality.
  • PostgreSQL is not supported on many open-source applications, limiting its usability in managing databases.
  • The lack of organizational support makes the software unpopular even with its market share among other database management systems. In addition, PostgreSQL lacks brand awareness to receive market growth because it is an open-source software.


Relative Market Share

MySQL has 44.04% of the relative market share in database management tools, with 31.39% of its market in the U.S., 8.19% in India, and 6.75% in the U.K. The open-source software is the leader among other relational databases that exist in the market. MySQL is commonly used in web development, followed closely by software development and marketing.

What is MySQL Used For?

The computer software industry in the United States commonly relies on MySQL for relational database management. Web development is the primary use of MySQL, which is general in industrial database management.

Most businesses operating with MySQL are small scale with about 10 to 50 employees. WordPress, Drupal, phpBB and Joomla are general applications that use MySQL. In addition, the customized versions of the open-source software is used to power Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube.

MySQL Key Benefits

  • MySQL operates on multiple platforms making the software portable when using web applications. The software can function on Windows, Linux, and Solaris, which are standard in database management servers. MySQL also supports multiple languages, such as C, Java, PHP, Python, C++ and PERL. This feature makes the software a good value when users are in different locations.
  • MySQL’s connection is continuous while providing integrity and data protection from servers. MySQL supports UNIX and TCP sockets which are reliable in data transmission across servers.
  • Encryption algorithms for MySQL are complex to give users reliable data protection when using platforms like Facebook or Twitter. The security mechanism of the software prevents exposure of sensitive information that frequently visit typical web applications.
  • MySQL is open-source software that leverages budget costs for companies seeking a reliable database management system.

MySQL Key Shortcomings

  • MySQL lacks support for bulk database processing that can limit commercial management services for web applications.
  • Limits in MySQL features create constraints in general functionality. In addition, the lack of advanced features for database customization makes the software less ideal for companies.
  • MySQL is limited to publishing test bug reports or issuing security patches despite being open-source software. This condition makes the software unappealing to developers who prefer paid options.
  • MySQL struggles to retain market share while platforms like Maria database continue to recruit popular subscribers like Fedora, OpenSUSE, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and Slackware Linux. This pattern shows MySQL has limits despite the compelling functionality it advertises over the years.

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL Comparison


PostgreSQL has multiple features and is not as user-friendly because of its complex setup procedure. Users need advanced knowledge to take advantage of the complex features when managing databases.

By comparison, MySQL is user-friendly and straightforward when creating a database system, as the limited availability of complex features require little knowledge to set up.


PostgreSQL offers advanced features ideal for handling unique databases that make it easier to customize applications to user functionality. In comparison, MySQL has limited features and is less ideal for handling complex processes.


MySQL has better integration than PostgreSQL because it is widely adaptable and accessible from popular commercial platforms. In addition, the community support for MySQL enables developers to provide regular updates or fix issues when they occur.


In terms of collaboration, MySQL is limited in standard features when using different applications whose functionality continues to evolve. On the other hand, PostgreSQL has good support for complex features when a business is scaling in its need for robust databases.


PostgreSQL has no license fee and is free for commercial applications. This condition makes it more appealing when compared to MySQL because it does not require a commercial license for software development and distribution of projects. And while MySQL is free, its limits require an Oracle license for commercial use.

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL: The Verdict

When choosing between PostgreSQL and MySQL, PostgreSQL is the best choice for larger businesses that handle complex and large data volumes.

PostgreSQL has multiple features to handle the complexities of commercial distribution in database management. As databases become more complex, commercial enterprises can benefit from the customization of PostgreSQL to manipulate data.

While MySQL remains significant in data analytics, its functionality is more suitable for smaller data volumes that can limit application developers in the long run.

David Manda
David Manda
David Manda is a contributing writer for Database Journal. His background is in education, technology, and digital marketing.

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