This chapter is an excerpt from the book, DB2 9 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows: DBA Guide, Reference, and Exam Prep, 6th Edition, authored by George Baklarz and Paul C. Zikopoulos, published by IBM Press, November 2007, ISBN 013185514X, Copyright 2008 by International Business Machines Corporation. All rights reserved. For more information please visit: www.ibmpressbooks.com.
Chapter 1: Product Overview
In this chapter you will be introduced to the DB2 family of products that run on the Linux, UNIX, and Windows operating systems. This version of DB2 is often referred to as the distributed version to differentiate it from the DB2 for z/OS version that runs on an IBM mainframe.
DB2 has the ability to store all kinds of electronic information. This includes traditional relational data, data encoded within XML as well as structured and unstructured binary information, documents and text in many languages, graphics, images, multimedia (audio and video), information specific to operations like engineering drawings, maps, insurance claims forms, numerical control streams, or any type of electronic information. This chapter illustrates some of the ways to access data in a DB2 database using some of the interfaces provided within the DB2 family. A description of each of the DB2 products are provided to illustrate some of DB2's features and functions.
Information as a Service
The DB2 Data Server is an important part of IBM's Information as a Service software portfolio that serves as the atomic level for the broader IBM On Demand architecture.
IBM Service Framework for an On Demand business
In Figure 11 you can see that the IBM software portfolio has really evolved into a collection of high value services provided by various IBM software portfolio offerings. The backbone fabric of this IBM reference architecture is the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) that is used to facilitate communications across this rich set of services.
IT Service Management is mostly provided by various Tivoli products. The Tivoli portfolio is built around four key disciplines or pillars:
Services from these pillars can be used to collectively manage your entire IT framework. For example, Tivoli Storage Resource Manager services can be used enterprise-wide to monitor and report on heterogeneous storage resources to increase storage utilization, identify and resolve potential problems, and ensure application availability through policy-based automation.
Development Services are the culmination of various Rational-based products that are built on the open source Eclipse platform. For example, Rational ClearCase provides source control services, and Rational Application Development empowers application developers with a rich set of services that can be used to develop applications, Web pages, and extended custom services for implementation in a Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) or loosely coupled application framework.
Services that enable interaction are typically part of the Lotus suite of products that enhance collaboration and idea sharing across the enterprise and beyond. Products like Lotus Sametime Connect can be used for messaging and more.
A number of services in the framework illustrated in Figure 1-1 are provided by the WebSphere portfolio. For example, a product like WebSphere Integration Developer helps you define business process flows in the standard Business Process Execution Language (BPEL), which are used to implement process services that in turn help you define, orchestrate, and automate business policies. The Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) is provided by the WebSphere ESB product that provides your enterprise services with transformation, transport switching, and routing remediation among other services. Perhaps the most famous product of the WebSphere brand is the WebSphere Application Server that provides a runtime framework for J2EE-based operations that are part of the Infrastructure Services component.
Finally there's the Information Services which represent the superset of the capabilities you'll learn about in this book. The specific set of services that are typically found in this part of the IBM reference architecture are shown in Figure 12.
IBM Information Services defined
The services shown to the right in Figure 12 are hierarchical in nature. In other words, as you work from bottom to top, the services provided become richer and more business oriented.
For example, Master Data Management services are provided by the WebSphere Product Center and WebSphere Customer Center products. Master data are facts that describe your core business entities: customers, suppliers, partners, products, bill of materials, employees, and so on. The discipline of Master Data Management seeks to decouple master information from individual applications spread across the enterprise and create a central, application independent, resource. The end result is a simplification of ongoing integration tasks and new application development. This discipline addresses key issues such as data quality and consistency proactively rather than "after the fact"; for example, in a data warehouse (a lower service in this taxonomy). There is also a set of entity resolution services that fit within the Master Data Management service tier.
Business Intelligence services are provided by the DB2 Data Warehouse editions that you'll learn more about later in this chapter. Content Manager services are provided by the set of Content Management products and are used for document management, archiving, regulatory retention, and are a basis by which unstructured information (such as FAXes, video, voicemail, and so on) can be searched and folded into the information asset.
Information Integration services seek to provide enterprises with ways to share, place, publish, cleanse, and enrich data found in the lower-level data management services. WebSphere Federation Server and its parent WebSphere Information Server are two such products that help implement these services.
Finally, the Data Management services tier is the foundation upon which the other services are built. IBM has a number of data servers that fit into this tier, including DB2, Informix, IBM Cloudscape, U2, and IMS.
This book is specifically about DB2 in this service tier. Specifically, you'll learn how DB2 can provide any number of the high-value data-centric services shown in Figure 13.
The data services provided by DB2, the focus of this book
For more information on the entire IBM software portfolio and how they are mapped to the illustrated services shown Figures 11 and 12, refer to the IBM Web site at http://www.ibm.com for more details.
The DB2 family of data servers executes on Windows, Linux (which can be run on the entire spectrum of IBM's hardware: System i, System z, System x, and System p), Solaris (both SPARC-based and Intel/AMD-based installations), HP-UX (both PA-RISC-based and Itanium-based installations), i5/OS, VSE/VM, z/OS, and on pervasive platforms (like Windows Mobile Edition, BlueCat Linux, Symbian, Palm OS, J2ME platforms like the RIM Blackberry, and more).
The DB2 code base is optimized for each platform to ensure maximum performance and integration. DB2 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows shares about a 98 percent common code base with platform-specific optimizations at the operating system interface (OSI) level (Figure 14).
This means that once you've learned how to administer a DB2 for AIX system, for the most part you'll know how to manage DB2 for Linux or DB2 for Windows; this is the reason why there is a single DB2 certification for all the distributed platforms.
The DB2 code for Linux, UNIX, and Windows is virtually the same
DB2 for i5/OS and DB2 for z/OS are optimized for their respective environments. For example, DB2 for z/OS is based on a shared-everything disk architecture where the hardware-assisted Coupling Facility is used to serialize access to the shared disk. No such hardware exists for Linux, UNIX, and Windows, and therefore DB2 on these platforms uses a shared-nothing architecture. For this reason, administration tends to vary between these platforms (though many concepts and features are similar). However, the SQL API is 98% common to all the platforms where DB2 runs, allowing applications written on one platform to be easily ported to another. This means that you can build an application on DB2 for Windows and port it effortlessly to DB2 for z/OS. If you build your application according to the SQL Reference for Cross-Platform Development handbook, your application will be 100% portable across the DB2 family.
There are other synergies among DB2 running on Linux, UNIX, and Windows, as well as the other DB2 family members. For example, the JDBC driver used for DB2 for z/OS is exactly the same code as is used for DB2 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows. So while there may be variations in specific data definition language (DDL)-based tasks, the data manipulation language (DML) and client APIs are similar.