Introduction to MSSQL Server Analysis Services: Mastering Enterprise BI: Create Aging “Buckets” in a Cube

About the Series …

article is a member of the series Introduction to MSSQL Server Analysis
. The series is designed to provide hands-on application of
the fundamentals of MS SQL Server Analysis Services, with each
installment progressively adding features and techniques designed to meet
specific real – world needs. For more information on the series, as well as
the hardware / software requirements to prepare for the exercises we
will undertake, please see my initial article, Creating Our First Cube.

Note: Current Service Pack updates are assumed for MSSQL Server 2000, MSSQL
Server 2000 Analysis Services
, and the related Books Online
and Samples. Images are from a Windows 2003 Server
environment, within which I have also implemented MS Office 2003, but
the steps performed in the articles, together with the views that result, will
be quite similar within any environment that supports MSSQL Server 2000 and MSSQL Server 2000 Analysis Services ("Analysis
or "MSAS"). The same is generally true,
except where differences are specifically noted, when MS Office 2000 and
above are used in the environment, in cases where MS Office components
are presented in the article.

About the Mastering Enterprise
Articles …

Having implemented, and developed within, most of the major
enterprise BI applications for over ten years, and having developed an
appreciation for the marriage of ease of use and analytical power
through my background in Accounting and Finance, I have come to appreciate the
leadership roles Cognos and other vendors have played in the evolution of OLAP
and enterprise reporting. As I have stated repeatedly, however, I have become
convinced that the components of the Microsoft integrated BI solution
(including MSSQL Server, Analysis Services, and Reporting
) will commoditize business intelligence. It is therefore easy to
see why a natural area of specialization for me has become the conversion of
Cognos (and other) enterprise BI to the Microsoft solution. In addition to converting formerly
dominant enterprise Business Intelligence systems, such as Cognos, Business
Objects, Crystal, and others, to the Reporting Services architecture, I regularly
conduct strategy sessions about these conversions with large organizations in a
diverse range of industries – the interest grows daily as awareness of the
solution becomes pervasive. Indeed, the five-to-six-plus figures that many can
shave from their annual IT budgets represent a compelling sweetener to
examining this incredible toolset.

The purpose of the Mastering
Enterprise BI
subset of my Introduction to
MSSQL Server Analysis Services
series is to focus on techniques for implementing features in
Analysis Services that parallel those found in the more "mature"
enterprise OLAP packages. In
many cases, which I try to outline in my articles at appropriate junctures, the
functionality of the OLAP solutions within well-established, but expensive,
packages, such as Cognos PowerPlay Transformer and Cognos PowerPlay,
can be met – often exceeded – in most respects by the Analysis Services /
Reporting Services combination – at a tiny fraction of the cost. The vacuum of
documentation comparing components of the Microsoft BI solution to their
counterparts among the dominant enterprise BI vendors, to date, represents a
serious "undersell" of both Analysis Services and Reporting Services,
particularly from an OLAP reporting perspective. I hope to contribute to
making this arena more accessible to everyone, and to share my implementation
and conversion experiences as the series evolves – and, within the context of
the Mastering Enterprise BI articles, to demonstrate that the ease of
replicating popular enterprise BI features in Analysis Services will be yet
another reason that the Microsoft solution will commoditize Business

more information about the
Mastering Enterprise
articles, see the section entitled
"About the Mastering
Enterprise BI
Articles" in my
article Relative
Time Periods in an Analysis Services Cube, Part I


this article, we will look at a common business need, the aging of
values. Aging is typically a process by which the enterprise determines the
length of time that has transpired since a transaction (usually financial) has
taken place within an account. Examples of common subject areas for agings in
the business environment include accounts receivable, accounts payable and
inventory, among many less common uses.

of the specific type of aging that we need to enact, we can apply the
principles we will examine in this article to reach a solution that works
within the OLAP environment. Moreover, and more to the point of our Mastering Enterprise BI series, we can replicate the
functionality provided in many accounting and financial applications, as well
as a plethora of "pre-fab" reporting solutions on the market, within
the integrated Microsoft BI solution.

In this article, we will:

  • Discuss
    general aging concepts, and their pervasiveness in the business environment;

  • Prepare for
    the exercise by creating a clone of the FoodMart Analysis Services
    database, within which we will age customer transactions, simulating accounts receivable
    inside the sample Sales cube;

  • Enact Source
    Table Filters
    (dimension and cube) to limit our cube to a specified
    transaction date range.

  • Create an Aged
    shared dimension within the sample cube to provide "buckets"
    for date-based transactional data;

  • Establish drillthrough
    capability for use in our verification process later.

  • Verify
    adequacy of our solution by demonstrating the use of the new capabilities from
    the perspective of the Cube Browser in Analysis Manager;

  • Look forward
    to a subsequent article where we create aging buckets through an alternative

  • Generally discuss
    the use of our new structures in the ultimate reporting application. We will
    also look forward to a subsequent article where we employ the aging buckets
    that we create in this article within Reporting Services.
William Pearson
William Pearson
Bill has been working with computers since before becoming a "big eight" CPA, after which he carried his growing information systems knowledge into management accounting, internal auditing, and various capacities of controllership. Bill entered the world of databases and financial systems when he became a consultant for CODA-Financials, a U.K. - based software company that hired only CPA's as application consultants to implement and maintain its integrated financial database - one of the most conceptually powerful, even in his current assessment, to have emerged. At CODA Bill deployed financial databases and business intelligence systems for many global clients. Working with SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase and Informix, and focusing on MSSQL Server, Bill created Island Technologies Inc. in 1997, and has developed a large and diverse customer base over the years since. Bill's background as a CPA, Internal Auditor and Management Accountant enable him to provide value to clients as a liaison between Accounting / Finance and Information Services. Moreover, as a Certified Information Technology Professional (CITP) - a Certified Public Accountant recognized for his or her unique ability to provide business insight by leveraging knowledge of information relationships and supporting technologies - Bill offers his clients the CPA's perspective and ability to understand the complicated business implications and risks associated with technology. From this perspective, he helps them to effectively manage information while ensuring the data's reliability, security, accessibility and relevance. Bill has implemented enterprise business intelligence systems over the years for many Fortune 500 companies, focusing his practice (since the advent of MSSQL Server 2000) upon the integrated Microsoft business intelligence solution. He leverages his years of experience with other enterprise OLAP and reporting applications (Cognos, Business Objects, Crystal, and others) in regular conversions of these once-dominant applications to the Microsoft BI stack. Bill believes it is easier to teach technical skills to people with non-technical training than vice-versa, and he constantly seeks ways to graft new technology into the Accounting and Finance arenas. Bill was awarded Microsoft SQL Server MVP in 2009. Hobbies include advanced literature studies and occasional lectures, with recent concentration upon the works of William Faulkner, Henry James, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Honoré de Balzac, and Charles Dickens. Other long-time interests have included the exploration of generative music sourced from database architecture.

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